Ancestral DNA Percentages
You - 1 - 100%, Parents - 2 - 50%, Grandparents - 4 - 25%, Great-Grandparents - 8 - 12.5%,
GG-Grandparents - 16 - 6.25%, GGG-Grandparents - 32 - 3.12%, GGGG-Grandparents - 64 - 1.56%,
GGGGG-Grandparents - 128 - 0.78%.
There is a 99.6% chance that you will have DNA from all of your 16 GG-Grandparents, only a 54% chance of sharing DNA
with all 32 of your GGG-Grandparents, and a 0.01% chance for your 64 GGGG-Grandparents.
What Is a Cousin?
Cousins are people who share a common ancestor that is at least 2 generations away, such as a grandparent or great-grandparent. You and your siblings are not cousins because your parents are only 1 generation away from you.
What Is a Second Cousin?
The number associated with your cousin has to do with how many generations away your common ancestor is.
First cousins share a grandparent (2 generations)
Second cousins share a great-grandparent (3 generations)
Third cousins share a great-great-grandparent (4 generations)
Fourth cousins share a 3rd-great grandparent (5 generations)
To be “once removed” from a cousin means you are separated by one generation. The number before “removed” will always represent the number of generations you are separated (“removed”) from the cousin. (Source: Family Search).
Clan Map of Scotland
Map of Scottish clans and lowland families.
Clan Map of Scotland
Map of Scottish highland clans and lowland families.
The English word "clan" is derived from old Irish clann meaning "children", "offspring", "progeny" or
"descendants"; it is not from the word for "family" or "clan" in either Irish or Scottish Gaelic.
According to the Oxford English Dictionary, the word "clan" was introduced into English in around 1425,
as a descriptive label for the organization of society in Ireland and the Scottish Highlands.
None of the Irish and Scottish Gaelic terms for kinship groups is cognate to English clan;
Scottish Gaelic clann means "descendants". (Source: Wikipedia).
Spreading of Homo Sapiens
In paleoanthropology, the recent African origin of modern humans, also called the "Out of Africa"
theory (OOA), recent single-origin hypothesis (RSOH), replacement hypothesis, or recent African
origin model (RAO), is the dominant model of the geographic origin and early migration of anatomically
modern humans (Homo sapiens). It follows the early expansions of hominins out of Africa, accomplished
by Homo erectus and then Homo neanderthalensis. (Source: Wikipedia)
James Dewey Watson KBE
Birth: 6 Apr 1928 • Chicago, Illinois, USA
In 1953, he co-authored with Francis Crick the academic paper proposing the double helix structure
of the DNA molecule. Watson, Crick and Maurice Wilkins were awarded the 1962 Nobel Prize
in Physiology or Medicine "for their discoveries concerning the molecular structure of nucleic acids
and its significance for information transfer in living material". (Source: Wikipedia)
Header Background: Double helix: The structure of DNA with the two strands of DNA spiraling about one other.
Insert Photos: Aberdeen Football Club, Pittodrie Stadium, 2015, Aberdeen, Scotland - Copyright © 2018 Graeme Watson.
Insert Photo: DNA structure, brian0918, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons
Insert Photo: Map of Scottish clans and lowland families, Public domain
Insert Photo: James D Watson Created in vector format by Scewing, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons
Insert Photo: Spreading of Homo Sapiens - This work has been released into the public domain by its author, NordNordWest. This applies worldwide.
Insert Photo: James D. Watson, 24 Jan 2012 Genome Image: Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, derivative work: Jan Arkesteijn, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons
Insert Photo: Map of Scottish highland clans and lowland families - This work has been released into the public domain by its author, Gsl. This applies worldwide.
My family tree connections to Aberdeen Football Club rage from relatively close cousins to distant to very distant to a wide range of family tree links, which may vary as more links are established.
Aberdeen F.C. - Family/DNA
An un-official compilation of the family tree of Aberdeen Football Club's official's, player's and staff from 1881 to present from one personal family tree.